- A relative clause is a subordinate sentence which functions like an adjective, that is, it modifies a noun usually, and it can also modify a complete sentence.
- It always comes immediately after the noun or sentence it modifies.
- A relative clause is always introduced by a relative pronoun. This pronoun can sometimes be omitted.
- As it is a complete sentence, it has the same parts as a sentence: relative pronoun + subject + verb + objects + adverbials
- The relative pronoun has a function in the sentence; it can be the subject, the direct object, the indirect object or the adverbial.
DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
- The pronoun THAT can never be used.
- Commas are used to separate the main clause from the relative clause.
- The pronoun can never be omitted.